Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure : Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle; Covalent character of ionic bonds and polar character of covalent bond, Molecular Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes, Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory- Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridization (s, p & d orbitals only), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory- Methodology, Orbital energy level diagram, Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species, Metallic Bond: Qualitative description, Intermolecular Forces: Polarity; Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond. Electrochemistry : Redox Reactions: Oxidation- reduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation number; Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Electrode potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Factors affecting the electrode potential; Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Secondary cells; Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention, Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific and molar conductivities; Kolhrausch's Law and its application, Faraday's laws of electrolysis; Coulometer; Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of the chemicals, NaOH, Na, Al, Cl2 & F2. Hydrocarbons : Alkanes and cycloalkanes: general properties, Alkenes and alkynes: General methods of preparation and reactions, physical properties, electrophilic and free radical additions, acidic character of alkynes and (1, 2 and 1, 4) addition to dienes, Aromatic hydrocarbons: Sources; Properties; Isomerism; Resonance delocalization; polynuclear hydrocarbons; mechanism of electrophilic substitution reaction, directive influence and effect of substituents on reactivity, Haloalkanes and haloarenes: Physical properties, chemical reactions. Uses and environmental effects; di, tri, tetrachloromethanes, iodoform, freon and DDT, Petroleum: Composition and refining, uses of petrochemicals. States of Matter: Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant figures, Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular formula; Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry, Gaseous state: Gas Laws, Kinetic theory – Maxwell distribution of velocities, Average, root mean square and most probable velocities and relation to temperature, Diffusion; Deviation from ideal behaviour –Critical temperature, Liquefaction of gases, vander Waals equation, Liquid state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity, Solid state: Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell – Cubic & hexagonal systems, Close packing; Crystal structures: Simple AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals – diamond & graphite, metals. Imperfections- Point defects, non-stoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties; Amorphous solids – qualitative description.
English and LR
ENGLISH : Relative pronoun, Determiners, Prepositions, Modals, Odd word, one word, LOGICAL REASONING : Classification, Figure formation and analysis, Chart logic
Statistics : Measures of dispersion, Measures of skewness and Central Tendency, Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances, Linear Programming : Various terminology and formulation of linear Programming, Solution of linear Programming using graphical method, feasible an d infeasible regions, feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (upto three nonitrivial constraints). Theory of Quadratic equations, quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions, relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, equations reducible to quadratic equations. Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, arithmetico-geometric series, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers. Logarithms and their properties. Exponential series. Permutations and combinations, Permutations as an arrangement and combination as selection, simple applications. Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients, Pascal's triangle Matrices and determinants of order two or three, properties and evaluation of determinants, addition and multiplication of matrices, adjoint and inverse of matrices, Solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables, elementary row and column operations of matrices, Mathematical Induction, Trigonometry : Measurement of angles in radians and degrees, positive and negative angles, trigonometric ratios, functions and identities. Solution of trigonometric equations. Properties of triangles and solutions of triangles, Inverse trigonometric functions, Heights and distances.
Units and Measurement : Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units), Dimensional Analysis, Precision and significant figures, Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc), Kinematics : Properties of vectors, Position, velocity and acceleration vectors, Motion with constant acceleration, Projectile motion, Uniform circular motion, Relative motion Newton's Laws of Motion : Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces), Motion on an inclined plane, Motion of blocks with pulley systems, Circular motion – centripetal force, Inertial and non-inertial frames Impulse and Momentum : Definition of impulse and momentum, Conservation of momentum, Collisions, Momentum of a system of particles, Center of mass, Work and Energy : Work done by a force, Kinetic energy and work energy theorem, Power, Conservative forces and potential energy, Conservation of mechanical energy